SEIR Model on the Review Impact of Social Distancing for COVID-19 Transmission Dynamics

Abubakar Abdullahi Madaki *

Department of General Studies, The Polytechnic Bali, Nigeria.

Aminu Sambo

Department of General Studies, The Polytechnic Bali, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The COVID-19 pandemic has had a huge influence on world health, with many countries enacting lockdowns and social distancing measures to help reduce transmission. However, the efficiency of these efforts is questionable, particularly in locations like as North East Nigeria, where specific socioeconomic and demographic characteristics can alter virus transmission dynamics. In this paper, we assess the pandemic in North East Nigeria by modifying the SIR to SEIR compartmental model, which incorporates data from the National Centre for Disease Control. We exposed that social distancing techniques like face masks, hand washing, and avoiding big gatherings are more successful than lockdowns in slowing the spread of COVID-19 in the region. Our findings suggest that future pandemic response plans should concentrate on social distancing measures that are both effective and feasible while avoiding the economic and social disruptions caused by lockdowns. Our work emphasizes the significance of specialized approaches to pandemic control in varied situations, including North East Nigeria.

Keywords: Covid-19, SEIR model, social distancing measures, mathematical model, reproduction number

How to Cite

Madaki, A. A., & Sambo, A. (2024). SEIR Model on the Review Impact of Social Distancing for COVID-19 Transmission Dynamics. Asian Research Journal of Mathematics, 20(4), 35–49.


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